Tue. Jul 23rd, 2024

How To Play Floor Hockey

By admin Jul2,2024
Floor Hockey


Floor hockey is a fast-paced, exciting sport that combines elements of ice hockey, field hockey, and indoor soccer. Played on a hard surface, such as a gymnasium floor, it offers a great way to stay active and enjoy the thrill of hockey without the need for ice or extensive equipment. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced player looking to refine your skills, this comprehensive guide will help you understand the basics, develop your techniques, and enjoy the game to its fullest.

What is Floor Hockey?

Floor Hockey

Floor hockey is a variant of ice hockey played on a hard surface without ice. Players use sticks to hit a ball or puck into the opposing team’s goal. The game can be played in various formats, including 5-on-5, 4-on-4, or 3-on-3, depending on the available space and number of players. It’s popular in schools, recreational leagues, and community centers due to its accessibility and minimal equipment requirements.

Equipment Needed

To play floor hockey, you’ll need the following equipment:

Sticks: Floor hockey sticks are typically made of plastic or wood and come in various lengths to suit players of different heights.

Ball or Puck: A plastic ball or a lightweight puck designed for indoor use is used instead of an ice hockey puck.

Goals: Goals can be smaller than ice hockey goals and are often portable for easy setup.

Protective Gear: Shin guards, gloves, and eye protection are recommended to prevent injuries.

Athletic Shoes: Non-marking athletic shoes with good grip are essential for playing on gym floors.

Understanding the Basics

Rules of the Game

The basic rules of floor hockey are similar to those of ice hockey, with some adaptations for the indoor setting:

Teams: Each team typically has 5 players, including a goalie, but variations can occur based on the number of participants.

Game Duration: Games are usually divided into two or three periods, each lasting 10-20 minutes, with breaks in between.

Face-Offs: The game starts with a face-off at the center of the court. Face-offs also occur after each goal and to resume play after certain stoppages.

Scoring: A goal is scored when the ball or puck completely crosses the goal line. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins.

Penalties: Common penalties include high-sticking, tripping, hooking, and roughing. Penalties result in the offending player serving time in the penalty box and their team playing short-handed.

Positions and Roles

Understanding the roles and responsibilities of each position is crucial for effective team play:

Goaltender (Goalie): The last line of defense, responsible for blocking shots and preventing the opposing team from scoring.

Defenders (Defensemen): Positioned near their own goal, defenders work to block shots, clear the ball from the defensive zone, and support the goalie.

Forwards: Typically consisting of a center and two wings (left wing and right wing), forwards focus on offense, passing the ball, and scoring goals. The center also plays a crucial role in face-offs and transitioning between offense and defense.

Essential Skills and Techniques

Stick Handling

Floor Hockey good stick handling skills are fundamental to controlling the ball or puck and maneuvering around opponents. Key tips include:

Grip: Hold the stick with your dominant hand lower on the shaft and your non-dominant hand near the top. Maintain a relaxed but firm grip.

Stance: Keep your knees bent, feet shoulder-width apart, and stay low to the ground for better balance and agility.

Movement: Use quick, controlled movements to dribble the ball or puck. Practice moving it side to side and in tight spaces to improve your control.


Effective passing is crucial for maintaining possession and creating scoring opportunities. Here’s how to improve your passing skills:

Accuracy: Aim for your teammate’s stick or target area. Keep your eyes up to avoid defenders and make quick, accurate passes.

Speed: Use appropriate force to ensure the ball or puck reaches your teammate quickly without being intercepted.

Types of Passes: Practice different types of passes, including wrist passes, snap passes, and saucer passes for varied situations.


Scoring goals is the ultimate objective in floor hockey. Develop your shooting skills with these techniques:

Wrist Shot: The most common and accurate shot, using a quick flick of the wrist to release the ball or puck.

Slap Shot: A powerful shot that involves winding up the stick and striking the ball or puck with force. It’s less accurate but can be very effective.

Backhand Shot: A deceptive shot using the back side of the blade, useful in close-range situations.

Defensive Skills

Floor Hockey

Strong defensive play is essential to prevent the opposing team from scoring:

Positioning: Stay between the ball or puck and your goal, maintaining good positioning to block shots and passes.

Stick Checking: Use your stick to poke the ball or puck away from opponents. Avoid high-sticking or slashing, which can result in penalties.

Body Positioning: Use your body to shield the ball or puck and steer opponents away from the goal. Stay low and maintain a strong stance to avoid being knocked off balance.

Strategies and Tactics

Offensive Strategies

Creating scoring opportunities requires teamwork and strategic play:

Cycling: Move the ball or puck around the offensive zone to create openings and tire out defenders.

Screening the Goalie: Position a player in front of the opposing goalie to block their view and increase the chances of scoring.

Give-and-Go: A quick pass to a teammate followed by a swift move to receive the return pass and create a scoring chance.

Defensive Strategies

Effective defense can frustrate opponents and limit their scoring chances:

Zone Defense: Players cover specific areas of the court, focusing on blocking passing lanes and shots.

Man-to-Man Defense: Each player marks an opponent, staying close to prevent them from receiving passes or taking shots.

Forechecking: Pressuring the opposing team in their defensive zone to force turnovers and create scoring opportunities.

Special Teams

Special teams play a crucial role in floor hockey, especially during power plays and penalty kills:

Power Play: When the opposing team has a player in the penalty box, capitalize on the numerical advantage by maintaining possession, creating scoring opportunities, and taking quality shots.

Penalty Kill: When your team is short-handed, focus on clearing the ball or puck from the defensive zone, blocking shots, and preventing the opposing team from setting up their power play.

Fitness and Conditioning

Cardiovascular Endurance

Floor hockey is a high-intensity sport that requires excellent cardiovascular endurance:

Running and Sprinting: Incorporate running and sprinting drills into your training routine to improve your endurance and speed.

Interval Training: Alternate between high-intensity and low-intensity exercises to build stamina and improve your ability to recover quickly during games.

Strength Training

Building strength is essential for powerful shots, effective checks, and overall performance:

Upper Body: Focus on exercises like push-ups, pull-ups, and weightlifting to build strength in your arms, shoulders, and chest.

Lower Body: Squats, lunges, and plyometric exercises will help develop strong legs for quick movements and stability.

Core: Strengthen your core with exercises like planks, Russian twists, and leg raises to improve balance and control.

Flexibility and Agility

Improving flexibility and agility will enhance your ability to maneuver and react quickly on the court:

Stretching: Incorporate dynamic and static stretching into your routine to improve flexibility and reduce the risk of injuries.

Agility Drills: Use ladder drills, cone drills, and other agility exercises to enhance your footwork and quickness.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them


Avoid overcommitting on offense or defense, which can leave you out of position and vulnerable Floor Hockey:

Stay Balanced: Maintain a balanced approach, ensuring you can transition quickly between offense and defense.

Communication: Communicate with teammates to ensure everyone understands their roles and responsibilities.

Poor Passing

Inaccurate or poorly timed passes can result in turnovers and missed opportunities:

Practice: Regularly practice passing drills to improve accuracy and timing.

Awareness: Keep your head up and be aware of your teammates’ positions and movements.

Lack of Team Play

Floor hockey is a team sport, and individual efforts should complement team strategies:

Trust Your Teammates: Rely on your teammates and work together to create opportunities and defend effectively.

Share the Ball: Move the ball or puck around and involve all players in the game.

Floor Hockey


Playing floor hockey is an exhilarating experience that combines physical fitness, strategic thinking, and teamwork. By understanding the rules, mastering essential skills, and implementing effective strategies, you can enhance your performance and enjoy the game to its fullest. Whether you’re playing in a casual setting with friends or competing in a league, the tips and techniques in this guide will help you become a more confident and capable floor hockey player. So grab your stick, hit the court, and get ready to experience the fast-paced excitement of floor hockey!

By admin

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